First of all it is important to understand a few basics about sentence correction.
Whenever there are questions related to sentence correction, it could mean there is an error in any part of the sentence. It could be related to any part of speech. It is essential to clear class 7 Grammar basics before you sit for any exam that focuses on verbal ability especially the sentence correction part. The best would be to have a thorough reading of ‘High School English Grammar’ -by Wren and Martin.
TIP 1 – Identify what sentence correction concept is being tested.
Every sentence correction question will test at least one concept: and you must be able to identify what that is. If you have no clue what concept is being tested, it means that you need to revisit your Grammar fundamentals!
TIP 2- Look for subject verb mismatches.
Subject Verb Agreement is one of the easiest errors to identify and in many sentence correction questions; at least 1 option can be eliminated in this way. So look for these first.
TIP 3- Treat options A, B, C, D equally.
Even if you feel sure that a particular answer choice is right, don’t make up your mind till you have really looked at the other options.
TIP 4- Pick up clues from the non-underlined part of the sentence.
Often, the non-underlined part of the sentence can give you vital clues about tenses, lists, modifiers and meaning that will help you eliminate 1-2 answer choices. So never ignore this part.
TIP 5- Answer choice A may not always get the meaning right.
Never ever assume that the sentence given in answer choice A has the intended meaning of the sentence. Read all the answer choices and make up your own mind about what the intended meaning is.
TIP 6- Always substitute the choice in the original sentence.
Substitute the answer choice you picked back into the original sentence and see whether it makes sense.
TIP 7- Go to the basics.
If you are not able to make out what is best option, then going back to fundamentals is important.
And of course, if you are stuck between the last 2 answer options and have already spent 90 seconds on the question, use one of these thumb rules to take your pick and move on!
Now let’s begin with the questions. Here the errors could be related to any part of speech namely- Noun, Verb, Pronoun, Adverb, Adjective, Conjunction, Preposition etc. Check out for the words the Bold that need correction!
- She married with an Italian.
Reason- In this sentence the preposition ‘with’ seems redundant. ‘Married’ itself implies union of two people. So the correct answer is ‘She married an Italian’. Option D is the correct one.
- What is the time in your watch?
Reason- We use ‘in or inside’ for the objects or places that have hollow or empty space in them. ‘For’ anyway doesn’t seem to be a suitable option. So eliminating the other three options, the correct option is C.
- One of the most significant phenomenons of our time has been the development of cinema.
- No correction required
Reason- This is the case when an incorrect Noun has been used. Phenomenon means ‘event’ and the plural form of ‘Phenomenon’ is ‘Phenomena’. So the correct option is B.
- This is one of the most important inventions of this century.
- invention of this century
- invention of these century
- invention of the centuries
- No correction required
Reason- Here the phrase ‘one of the most important inventions’ implies that there have been many inventions but out of them one has been the most important. ‘Most’ defines the Superlative degree of adjective ‘Important’. The correct option is D.
- Don’t worry. It’s almost safe.You won’t fall.
- No correction required
Reason- All the words that have been mentioned here are adverbs. These modify the meaning of the word ‘Safe’. If we have to choose the best option it would be option A. One must be completely safe. ‘Almost’ means there is some possibility of being unsafe.
- It was a long time ago, but I do nearly remember when we first arrived in our new home.
- no correction needed
Reason- In this sentence the person is talking about long time back and what to say that he has some faint memories of that time. The best option to go is A. ‘Vaguely’ means ‘slightly or roughly’.
- People in northern parts of Scotland can occasionally see a Northern Lights at night, when weather conditions are right.
- None of these
Reason- In this sentence the article ‘a’ is mentioned before the ‘Northern Lights’ which is a specific phenomenon. Before Unique things we use the article ‘the’. E.g. the Sun, the Eiffel Tower and the Ganges.
- Sunil watched the Cricket match so his country’s team was playing.
Reason- All the options are words used as ‘conjunctions’. If you look at the sentence you will realize that a person X was watching the match as his country’s team was playing. The correct option will be C. The word ‘because’ justifies the reason why the action was being done.
- Which is your favorite color?
- none of these
Reason- The correct option is A. ‘Which’ can be used when options or alternatives are given. E.g. which is your favourite colour- Blue or Green? When no options are mentioned we should use the word ‘what’. Here the words ‘which, what, that, who’- are Pronouns.
- All the women of our badminton league that don’t smoke have caught colds. That just shows that smoking is good for you.
Reason- Since we are talking about group of people here. The Pronoun that fits well in the sentence will be ‘who’. Correct option is D
(Written by- Pallavi Chauhan)