Parajumbles.

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Hi!!  This blog will explain how one should approach Para Jumbles. One can reasonably expect four to five questions in a competitive exam. With practice one can solve para jumbles quickly with high accuracy. This topic can make a huge difference to your score , so make sure that in every mock you take , you attempt the para jumbles question and solve them accurately. So let’s get started!!

LET’S FIRST TRY TO UNDERSTAND WHY PARA JUMBLES ARE ASKED IN EXAMS

why-1

 

  • Being able to unscramble paragraph seems like an odd skill requirement for the managers. But the ability really being tested in para jumbles is your comprehension skills.
  • Thus reading comprehension, para completion and critical reasoning and para jumbles essentially test the same thing-your ability to read and understand a paragraph.
  • This is a crucial skill for a manager who should be able to not only read reports but also understand the significance of them.

“Hence the only way to really get better at para jumbles is to read extensively”.

Read good quality publications, this includes books, editorials, essays essentially anything  where the author is not only describing something but is driving at a point.
Now let’s take a close look at how one should approach para jumbles. We will now focus on identifying the chain of thought within the para jumbles.

penalty_vs_premiumSTART WITH THE PARA, NOT OPTIONS-Always start by reading the paragraph, do not go to the option until you have a fair idea about what the author is about to say. After you have had your first read through, you would have only a small idea of what the author is trying to say.

 

IDENTIFY-However you should try to identify the following elements within the paragraph.

Context: Firstly the context of the paragraph, the context of the paragraph may be the idea being discussed or the scene being described or the events being narrated. It essentially answers the question, what is being talked about. Find the one line or two lines that gives the most information about the context of the paragraph and mark them as context.

Main Point: This will generally be the most important line of the paragraph. At times the main point is implied without being stated. If an idea were being discussed or narrated, the main point would be the line describing the author’s view of the idea.

For e.g. : If the paragraph talks about the needs of family planning, the main point would be the line where the author expresses why he think family planning is necessary.

If a scene is being described, the main event or occurrence in the scene would be the main point of the paragraph.

If events were being narrated in the paragraph, then the main point of the paragraph would be the one line answer to the question, What Happened? Essentially the main point of the paragraph is the point that the author hopes to get across to his readers.

Details: Now that you have identified the main points of the paragraph, mark the details of the paragraph. For e.g. – if the para were arguing the case for something, the details would be the supporting arguments, mark these as arguments. If the scene were being described, the details would be the visual description of the scene, mark these as description. If the events are being narrated the details would be the time order of what took place and when, mark these as events.

Now that you have carved out the paragraph into three different parts, it’s time to IDENTIFY THE CHAIN OF THOUGHT. Imagine yourself in the place of author, how would you make your point.

Context->Details->Main Point

Context->Main Point->Details

Main Point->Context->Details

Essentially the context should be either the first line or the second line of the paragraph.

 

WHAT YOU WOULD NOT DO IS:

Details->Main Point->Context

Main Point-> Details->Context

LET’S TRY TO UNDERSTAND THIS WITH THE HELP OF EXAMPLE-

Read the following paragraph:

  1. The food and clothing of one man is not the food and clothing of another; if the supply is insufficient, what one man has is obtained at the expense of some other man
  2. There are goods in regard to which individual possession is possible, and there are goods in which all can share alike
  3. On the other hand, mental and spiritual goods do not belong to one man to the exclusion of another
  4. We may distinguish two sorts of goods, and two corresponding sorts of impulses
  5. This applies to material goods generally, and therefore to the greater part of the present economic life of the world
  6. If one man knows a science, that does not prevent others from knowing it; on the contrary, it helps them to acquire the knowledge

Now let’s try to identify the context of the paragraph, the author is talking about two different kind of goods-possessive and non possessive. The context is establish by the combination of two lines d and b, hence d-b together form the context of the paragraph. Let’s mark them as C1 and C2.

  1. The food and clothing of one man is not the food and clothing of another; if the supply is insufficient, what one man has is obtained at the expense of some other man
  2. There are goods in regard to which individual possession is possible, and there are goods in which all can share alike <——- C2
  3. On the other hand, mental and spiritual goods do not belong to one man to the exclusion of another
  4. We may distinguish two sorts of goods, and two corresponding sorts of impulses <———- C1
  5. This applies to material goods generally, and therefore to the greater part of the present economic life of the world
  6. If one man knows a science, that does not prevent others from knowing it; on the contrary, it helps them to acquire the knowledge

Now that we know the context of the paragraph, now let’s identify the main point of the paragraph, we see that there’s no single line where the author states a conclusion or view of the general idea being discussed. Instead all the remaining four lines are details that explain the implied main point. As the paragraph is discussing an idea, the details are arguments. The basic conclusion one can derive from the arguments is that possessive goods are obtained by one person at the expense of other while this is not the case with the non possessive goods. This is the main point of the paragraph. Hence we group the arguments as possessive goods arguments , a-e and non possessive goods arguments, c-f. Since c starts with on the other hand, we have kept c before f.

We now have the order as=> d-b-a-e-c-f.

THIS IS ONE WAY TO APPROACH PARA JUMBLES, STAY TUNED FOR MORE EXAMPLES / TRICKS AND LET US KNOW IF YOU WANT MORE ARTICLES ON ANY TOPIC.

HAPPY READING!!!

Written By:

Sheenam Gambhir

 

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